Not sure yet if I will turn this into a blog post, I’ll have to consider how to make it translate well in the written word.
Not sure yet if I will turn this into a blog post, I’ll have to consider how to make it translate well in the written word.
Note: I attempt to notate some signs, so I would suggest you watch the video if you want to be clear on what the sign looks like. Also, fs is short for fingerspelling.
Hello, welcome back! I was unsure about labeling this as an ASL Ponderings because this is more focused on linguistics and analyzing the etymology of a word. So… I guess this is half ASL Ponderings, half linguistics? Today, I want to discuss a specific word: NIGHTMARE. The reason why I wanted to discuss this is that often, ASL signers don’t really think about the etymology of a word or the history of how that word came into being. For this specific word, it’s very interesting. Many will sign this word this way: [night fs:m-a-r-e], or [bad dream]. Either way, it’s simple. However, [night fs:m-a-r-e] is not exactly linguistically correct. [bad dream] does work linguistically though. Personally, I grew up signing it this way. [nightmare] The reason why this is coming up is because I was chatting with someone recently, and I realized that I don’t know why I sign it that way. I wondered if it was an actual ASL sign or if it was just something my family used, so I posted in the ASL That! Facebook group asking what their signs were for this particular word. Many were either of the previously mentioned signs. One in Canada had a very interesting way of signing it. (Go to 1:32 in the video to see this sign.) I did think of a few ways of why I sign it this way. I will propose two theories where my sign for nightmare came from at the end, but I want to explain a little more about the word itself first.
I was struck by one comment that said [night fs:m-a-r-e] doesn’t make sense because mare is related to horses, and horses have nothing to do with dreams or the word itself, nightmare. Hmm. Is mare from the origins of horse? No, not necessarily. In Old English, horse was originally either mȳre or mere, the feminine forms of mearh (horse). That’s where mare came from for when referring to an adult female horse. While looking at the etymology of nightmare, it comes from Old English mære. It’s the name for an evil spirit or goblin that will sit on people’s chests while they sleep, causing them to have bad dreams. It’s old Germanic, Slavic, and Northern Europe folklore. Back then, people would use the mære lore to explain that they had bad dreams last night due to the evil spirit sitting on them. Later on, night was added on to emphasize the dream aspect of it, rather than the folklore. Thus, it’s become the word we have today – nightmare.
Now that I’ve expanded and explained what the etymology of nightmare is, I want to propose my theories on where my sign came from. The first one isn’t really connected to what I previously explained. It’s possible that it came from the sign for dream. Dreams are minor, while nightmares are more intense and strong dreams. Thus the sign’s adding more fingers to show the intensity of the dream. That’s one possible theory. Onto the second. I think it could possibly be from the sign for dream and the sign for evil being combined to become nightmare. (See the video at 3:35 to see this visually.) So I think that’s one possibility. What do you think? Do you agree with my theory, or do you think I’m way off base? What do you think of that sign for nightmare? Let me know! I hope you enjoyed this little linguistics lesson about the word nightmare. Don’t forget I have a Patreon and ko-fi. Social medias – Facebook, Twitter, Instagram. Thanks for watching, see you next time.
Some extra fun stuff – it’s mære in Old English, mare in Old Dutch, mara in Old High German, Old Norse, and Old Church Slavic. Here’s the wiki if you want to read more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mare_(folklore)
The intro is a bit long, so if you want to jump ahead to the signs, jump to 1:45. Also, I won’t be doing a blog post because this is about signs but below the embedded video is a list of the words I sign and timecodes when they happen so you can easily refer to it later.
Video I mention – LGBT Signs: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S10Som3v91A
– Queer: 1:45
– Ace/asexual: 2:04
– Bisexual: 2:13
– Cisgender: 4:01
– Coming out: 4:09
– Drag queen/Drag king: 4:48
– Gay: 5:08
– Gender: 5:37
– Gender identity: 6:26
– Gender expression: 6:50
– Genderfluid: 7:01
– Genderqueer: 7:31
– Intersex: 8:01
– Lesbian: 8:31
– Pansexual: 9:21
– Romantic orientation/sexual orientation/sexuality: 9:44
– Transgender: 9:57
– Transitioning: 10:20
Hello! Welcome back. Before I jump into today’s post, I wanted to remind you that this post has a companion video, linked above. I’m going to go back through this website and modify the titles, so if the title has [VIDEO(S)], that means it’s only the video, and no blog post attached with it. If it’s just a regular title, it’s a blog post. My website is being weird right now, and not showing pictures and such if you look at the homepage, but individual posts are fine, so just do that. I’ll try to figure out what’s going on and fix it. I’m still working on older videos, but I will let you know when they’re up! Let me know what you think of them, do you like them? I appreciate any feedback! Also, quick reminder – I have a Patreon and ko-fi. I seriously appreciate any support you guys give me. Okay, enough dawdling, let’s get into the post.
Today, I’ll be responding to a comment on my ASL Ponderings video about prefixes. This comment was made a while ago, but I just haven’t gotten around to thinking about it until now.
Remember, what I’ll be saying is mostly from my experience, and mainly the US. It’s an interesting thing to look at, especially sign. A lot of people will say that they’ve always wanted to learn a language different from their own. And from my experience here in the US, a lot have said they’d love to learn ASL. But even so, there isn’t that much value put upon knowing another language here. Especially Trump’s ‘Murica, many of these people believe that in ‘Murica you only speak English. (Ignoring the obvious fact that English is NOT an indigenous language, and Spanish is widely spoken.) ANYWAY. I talked about this in another video, linked, there’s a term for people who know many languages and that’s polyglot. Many polyglots know only written/spoken languages. Very few actually know a sign language.
In regard to ASL, I’ve seen people think that ASL isn’t a real language, that it’s just a gestural system based off English. Wrong! There’s plenty of research proving it’s a true language. The same is true for many other sign languages. In 2011, the Italian government tried to label LIS [Lingua dei Segni Italiana] as a gestural language. It failed, thankfully, but it’s still not formally recognized as a language. I’ve seen people say that it’s better to learn another spoken language like Spanish or French because you’re more likely to use/need it in the future than a sign language. I would disagree, depending on where you reside and how often you actually interact with people who speak/sign a particular language. I believe that it would honestly be better to teach ALL children in the US ASL, because they can use it with each other, and their Deaf classmate if they so happen to have one. Besides, ASL IS an indigenous language! I feel that since people often don’t realize that ASL is a true language, and the fact that it’s a visual language with no aural components, they don’t see it as equal to a spoken language. They can hear the difference between German, Czechian and Flemish, but they can’t see the difference between Japanese Sign Language, Dansk Tegnsprog and Lengua de Señas Chilena. People who sign can however. That’s another thing, many people assume that there’s only one sign language. Why do you think it’s called AMERICAN Sign Language? And with how many spoken languages there are, do you honestly think that there would be only ONE sign language ALL OVER THE WORLD? So people somehow think higher of you if you know another spoken language, rather than a sign language.
There’s another thing that has far more negative connotations. If someone says they know ASL for example, people will often automatically assume they know sign because they’re interpreters for “the helpless deaf people.” Or doing some “good work” to help the “poor deaf people.” I know not everyone has this attitude, which is why I said often, but this happens very frequently. Sure, a lot of hearing people who know sign happen to be interpreters as well, but it’s often not because they’re taking pity on deaf people. (Oh yes, there are interpreters who have this attitude of “I have to help the poor deaf people!”) But that’s not for here. Of course, the attitude towards sign language all depends on the area, the country, the people. Here in the US, ASL is definitely being seen in a much better light with the recent explosion in #DeafTalent being shown in media. People are having a renewed interest in it, so perhaps the perception will change as time goes on. Let me know what you think about this in the comments of the video! Follow me on social media: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram. Thanks for reading, see ya next time.
Hello! I’m Rogan, and welcome to my YouTube channel/website. I’ve had several new people subscribe to me recently, so thank you for subscribing! I hope you will enjoy my posts/videos. Today, I want to talk about something related to one of my favorite topics: language. Language – it doesn’t matter if it’s spoken, written, signed, I don’t care – is something I love. I love learning things about other languages. I mean, when I was seven, I wanted to move to Japan. Just so I would know their language. So you could say language is kind of my thing. I’m going to give you a little bit of background on what languages I DO know and what I’m learning, and all that. I’ll start with languages that I know well. First, ASL. Obviously. Second, English. Not as obvious, but I do all my captions myself. I type everything myself. I will get into more later why that’s not as obvious as ASL. Third, International Sign. I am not going to say that I’m skilled and a pro at International Sign, because I’m not. I’m pretty good with International, yes, but I still have things that can be improved with my IS. Fourth, Auslan. Again, I’m not a professional with Auslan. I’m at more of a conversational skill with Auslan. Besides, I do feel like my skill with Auslan has gone down recently because I haven’t really been chatting with people who use Auslan. So… If you would like to chat with me in Auslan, let me know! Those four are the languages that I’m either good at, or know well enough. I am currently working on practicing/learning four languages on Duolingo. By the way, I love this app. Duolingo is an app where you can learn and practice languages. If your primary language is English, it will teach you how to translate from English to French, for example, and from French to English. It’s great for grammar practice and such. There are some things that are a little odd, that aren’t really used in everyday use but still, it’s a good base jumping point. Just so you know, this is not sponsored. I seriously love this app. If you would like to sponsor this… Let me know? The four languages that I’m learning on Duolingo right now are French, Spanish, Italian, and Danish. I am not ANYWHERE near being capable of using these languages to have a conversation. But I would love to practice these, so… If you don’t mind, or are willing to help me learn how to use them – LET ME KNOW! Okay, I’ve already spent a lot of this post talking about all that so, let’s move on and get to the point of this post.
I want to explain a little bit about polyglots. The basic definition is a person who can use multiple languages. I consider myself a polyglot. Yes, I may not be very skilled in all of the languages. But I do and can understand some of a lot of different languages. Interesting fact! One of the most noted hyperpolyglots is an Italian priest named Giuseppe Gasparo Mezzofanti. He spoke 30-72 languages! 30 is a lot to begin with, but 72!? Wow! Polyglots are different from bilinguals and trilinguals. Bilingual means you know two languages, tri means three languages. Polyglot usually means four or more languages. Most Deaf people are usually at least bilinguals because of ASL and English. Notice I emphasized the “most” part. Why did I do that? There are Deaf people who sign fluently but never really knew English enough to consider themselves fluent. Reverse that, there are Deaf people who are oral. They speak and write, but don’t know ASL. So being bilingual doesn’t apply to every Deaf person. There are very few Americans, and even fewer Deaf Americans who are polyglots. Part of that is because of the US education system. Most Americans don’t really have an opportunity to learn other languages. Yes, many high schools will give an opportunity to learn foreign languages, and even require it. But that’s usually one year, two years, and that’s it. Plus, once it’s taken and completed with a good grade, usually everything is forgotten. They forget everything because they don’t really have the opportunity to use it everyday. Sure, in some areas like southern California, there are a lot of people who speak Spanish. Many people speak Spanish there so that’s a nice advantage for remembering and using a language, but in most of the country, there’s one language – English. To be able to really know and use a language, you have to have the opportunity available to use it in everyday life and immerse yourself in that language. That doesn’t really happen in the US. Sigh. The US education system, in my opinion, needs to have a lot changed and improved on. But for me, the biggest thing is languages. In the US, the top language spoken is obviously English. The second is Spanish. The third or fourth, depending on which survey, is ASL. Imagine if in the school system, from age five and up, children were taught using Spanish or ASL. Teaching in those languages, speaking/signing and using that in the class everyday. Imagine that! By the time these children graduate high school, they can use those languages and not have to be stuck on not knowing it. They can say, “Sure, I know this language, no problem.” That would really change how the US uses and views language. In Europe, in many schools, you are required to learn two or three languages from the very beginning of school. I think that would be nice to have here in the US too. True, not many people actually use more than one language but still! Even Canada, in their Quebec province! They speak French and English. So yeah, I would love to see more value put on languages here in the US. More than it is now anyway. Plus actually give more opportunities for people to learn languages outside of high school. I hope you enjoyed learning a little bit about language, polyglots, and a little about the deaf community too! Thank you for reading and I’ll see you next time!
Ren and I talk about different ASL signs that have no English equivalent, and some slang. Any time we use an ASL sign, they will be bracketed with [ ].
This is the second collab I did forever ago in May, and many thanks to Ren for being patient with me! Enjoy!
The article below perfectly sums up what every person who knows sign language has experienced at least once. The fact that so many people are clueless about a multitude of sign languages existing in the world. I mean, did you really think there was only one international sign language while there are so many different spoken languages? Sign language developed the exact same way spoken language did, separately. There are even regional signs, especially here in the US because it’s a big place.